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Electric Cars

ASAP (formerly Solar Energy Campaign) is a non-profit organization committed to the creation of a totally domestic U.S. energy system based on solar, wind, and hydrogen energy sources and a transition to electric cars.
There are two basic types of electric cars: 1) hydrogen fuel cell electric cars; and 2) rechargeable battery electric cars.
ASAP supports hydrogen fuel cell electric cars because they do not require battery recharging time or the replacement of expensive batteries. Hydrogen fuel cell electric cars are refueled at service stations just like we do today with our internal combustion engine cars. Electricity to power the car is produced when hydrogen gas passes through the car’s fuel cell. To speed the car up you simply press the gas pedal, and to slow the car down you take your foot off the gas pedal – sounds familiar. When the car’s fuel gauge approaches empty, you pull into a service station and fill up with hydrogen, just like we do today with gasoline. Fuel cell electric cars will clean the air we breathe since they have zero harmful tailpipe emissions.
For information on hydrogen fuel cell electric cars go to the following websites: Article: Facts about hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.
ASAP calls for 200 hydrogen filling stations in New York State to support mass marketing of fuel cell electric cars by 2015.
We propose the construction of natural gas steam reformation plants to produce the initial supply of hydrogen. A large quantity of hydrogen is produced today for oil refining and fertilizer production. In fact, the quantity of hydrogen produced today is sufficient to power 130 million fuel cell cars. The largest hydrogen production companies are Praxair and Air Products and the primary hydrogen production method is steam reformation of natural gas. It takes only three years to build a hydrogen production plant with the capacity to support one million fuel cell cars. And the cost of hydrogen from steam reformation of natural gas to run a fuel cell car is less than $2.50/gallon gasoline equivalent price.
The production of hydrogen from natural gas by steam reformation is only a short-term solution. When solar PV power reaches maturity (2015-2020), it will be possible to produce large quantities of hydrogen by the electrolysis of water using electricity from large solar PV plants located in the Southwest desert states.
The U.S. is an energy rich country in terms of its solar and wind resources. The high quality solar resource in the Southwest and the high quality wind resource in the Midwest can provide our nation with more than enough energy to meet total U.S. energy needs at stable prices for generations to come. The task is to build national solar and wind electricity systems for the production of electricity to power our homes and businesses and to produce hydrogen by electrolysis of water. This task is in fact simpler than the massive international fossil fuel production and delivery system we built in the 20th century that supplies our energy today. We need to take this seriously because the price of oil is only going to be going ever higher and is bankrupting the country.

Sun, Wind and Water – Our Energy Future
Hydrogen - the Forever Fuel
Solar Electricity (Left Photo) is sent to an Electrolysis Plant (Right Photo) to Split Hydrogen Molecules from Water (H2O). In fact, the quantity of hydrogen produced from a gallon of water will power a fuel cell car the same number of miles as a gallon of gasoline for a conventional car (about 27 miles).
Solar Cell Array Electrolysis Plant